Myles Walter Keogh was born to be a soldier… the young Irish lad, stricken by the poverty of the Potato Famine, sought adventure and glory on the battlefield. At the urging of the Catholic clergy young Keogh enlisted in the Papal army of Pious IX. As a member of the Company of St. Patrick, Vatican Guards, Keogh was cited for gallantry by the Papacy three times. When American clergymen came to Europe to recruit members of the Papal army for the Union cause, Keogh enlisted right away.
Fighting with distinction in the… Shenandoah valley, Keogh caught the notice of the Union high command. George McClellan remarked, “a most gentlemanlike man, of soldierly appearance,” whose “record had been remarkable for the short time he had been in the army.” Keogh fought with some of the Union cavalry’s hardest hitting units, including the division of General John Buford at Gettysburg and General George Stoneman on Sherman’s March to the Sea. By the end of the war, he was one of the most distinguished young cavalry officers in Federal service. Future Secretary of War John Schofield described Keogh, “He is one of the most gallant and efficient young cavalry officers I have ever known.” Following the Civil War, he was promoted to Captain in the regular army and assigned to the 7th Cavalry, under the command of George Armstrong Custer. On the Plains Keogh continued his meritorious service, but seemed to be afflicted by a melancholy streak, “Impudence and presumption carry with them great weight and a certain lack of sensitiveness is necessary to be successful. This lack of sensitiveness I unfortunately do not inherit.” A life of military campaigning was taking a toll on the dashing Irishman.
It is never a good sign when a soldier… prepares for a campaign by deeding his land to family, buying life insurance, and ordering his personal papers to be burned upon death. Myles Keogh knew his fate awaited him on the campaign of 1876. Keogh commanded half of the battalion that rode to destruction with Custer. The troopers with Keogh battled in their own last stand on the ridges East of Custer’s position. Keogh’s body was surrounded by a ring of eight troopers. He was one of two bodies not to be mutilated in the post battle atrocities. It is said that the Papal medals he wore around his neck frightened the Indians; this soldier was considered “Bad Medicine.”